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Psalm 91 (Amplified Bible)

1. HE who dwells in the secret place of the Most High shall remain stable and fixed under the shadow of the Almighty [Whose power no foe can withstand].

2. I will say of the Lord, He is my Refuge and my Fortress, my God; on Him I lean and rely, and in Him I [confidently] trust!

3. For [then] He will deliver you from the snare of the fowler and from the deadly pestilence.

4. [Then] He will cover you with His pinions, and under His wings shall you trust and find refuge; His truth and His faithfulness are a shield and a buckler.

5. You shall not be afraid of the terror of the night, nor of the arrow (the evil plots and slanders of the wicked) that flies by day,

6. Nor of the pestilence that stalks in darkness, nor of the destruction and sudden death that surprise and lay waste at noonday.

7. A thousand may fall at your side, and ten thousand at your right hand, but it shall not come near you.

8. Only a spectator shall you be [yourself inaccessible in the secret place of the Most High] as you witness the reward of the wicked.

9. Because you have made the Lord your refuge, and the Most High your dwelling place,

10. There shall no evil befall you, nor any plague or calamity come near your tent.

11. For He will give His angels [especial] charge over you to accompany and defend and preserve you in all your ways [of obedience and service].

12. They shall bear you up on their hands, lest you dash your foot against a stone.

13. You shall tread upon the lion and adder; the young lion and the serpent shall you trample underfoot.

14. Because he has set his love upon Me, therefore will I deliver him; I will set him on high, because he knows and understands My name [has a personal knowledge of My mercy, love, and kindness--trusts and relies on Me, knowing I will never forsake him, no, never].

15. He shall call upon Me, and I will answer him; I will be with him in trouble, I will deliver him and honor him.

16. With long life will I satisfy him and show him My salvation.

COMMENTARY by Lemuel Baker, Ph.D

The core message of Psalm 91 is a message of protection, safety and security that comes as a result of permanently being in God's secret place. The focus and hub of this Psalm is the secret place. Everything, all the promises and protection of Psalm 91 revolves around the place of secret. When we are cognizant of that secret place trust is very high and at a maximum level. Because trust is very high in the secret place then rest, strength and peak performance are also very high.

THE SECRET PLACE is the focus of Psalm 91 because every benefit mentioned in the Psalm is contingent upon being in the secret place. Consequently the secret place must be carefully identified and clarified so everyone can see it clearly, understand it clearly and have the opportunity to sit and to dwell there. The secret place as it relates to the Christian is both positional and experiential.

By faith all Christian converts are placed into the secret place of El Elyon (God Most High) but we soon leave the place experientially as life throws us curves or others talk us out of the secret place. Think back to the time you were first born again and converted how glorious the experience was? Soon after the enemy stole the seed planted and we slowly experientially walked out from the secret place we were placed into by the Holy Spirit.

Positionally we will always be in the secret place with Ha Shem but it does us no earthly good for victorious daily living over coming the traps of the enemy if we are not experiencing the power of the secret place. We tend to act as though there is no secret place as we walk by sight instead of walking by living faith.

The SECRET PLACE is a place in Ha Shem Himself as we are placed into Him at conversion; this is positional. Psalm 91:9-10 states this clearly for us so we cannot miss it.

9. Because you have made the Lord your refuge, and the Most High your dwelling place,

10. There shall no evil befall you, nor any plague or calamity come near your tent.

The writer of the 91st Psalm is unknown although some scholars assign Psalm 91 to  Moses because the previous Psalm is assigned to Moses. A second method of assigning authorship of a work is using another passage of scripture that quotes a portion of the psalm and ascribes it to a writer. Jewish tradition assigns all Psalms to King David and other scholars conclude the Psalms were written by several authors at different periods some after the sixth century post exile period.

David hiding from Saul understood the concept of the secret place as did Elijah hiding from Jezebel thus the important point is the message, the content and the concept of Psalm 91 rather than the historical author. As a substantive application of this concept you and I can hide away in the secret place in the middle of trouble and find peace, rest, tranquility, love, joy and strength in Gods presence. This is a real place in God as a benefit for each Christian.

It is possible Moses was reflecting on the wilderness journey and more significantly being placed in "the cleft of a rock" by Ha Shem during Moses' initial encounter with Ha Shem on Mount Sanai. Moses developed the concept of the secret place from this very experience; being hid in the safety and security of the cleft of the rock then covered over by the actual hand of Ha Shem for additional protection. Exodus 33:22 records and it hath come to pass, in the passing by of Mine honour, that I have set thee in a cleft of the rock, and spread out My hands over thee, until My passing by.

Moses  is reflecting on experiential, living faith, cognizant experience of the secret place that produces great depth and maturity in this earthly life to overcome all obstacles and makes one a leader in the faith. Moses went on to finding protection in the integrity of Ha Shem Himself rather than just the opening and space between a large rock split in two.

The Secret Place is a well established, well defined position understood by the human spirit that you are in The Creator Himself and nothing can get pass him and get through to you as long as we are experiencing active living faith in Ha Shem. Historically the reference to the "secret place" is the Holy of Holies of ancient Israel but man was ultimately designed to dwell in Christ simultaneously as Christ dwells in us.

So the secret place is a well formed state of being in the completed presence of Ha Shem having full awareness you are safe from all evil and that Ha Shem who is your dwelling place is "all powerful" and "the Most High." There is no one or anything stronger, greater or of higher status than Ha Shem who is your stone castle of residence where evil armies cannot penetrate.

The power of the secret place is God revealing His mind to those that love Him as He revealed His secret ways to Moses. Judaism understands the secret place that is set apart for only the righteous. Historically only the righteous Priest without sin could enter the historical Holy of Holies. The world cannot go there nor are interested in the secret place. Judaism understands the true righteous, the "Tzadikkim" are like Elijah dwelling always in the secret place of the Most High. Daniel the Prophet said in Daniel 11:32b "the people that know their God shall be strong and do exploits." Only those who are experientially and positionally tucked away in the secret place of El Elyon can do exploits because we understand Him comprehensively, intimately and have strong faith that works by His overwhelming love. In the secret place we know Gods love, His ability and His attributes cannot fail not even once.

The Apostle Paul knew this type of love and ability and expresses it in his writings to the Ephesian Church. In the New Testament written in Koine Greek unlike the Old Testament written in Hebrew and some Aramaic such as portions of the Book of Daniel the words used for power that could not fail were "dunamis, kratos, ischus and energaia" all are types of Gods power manifested for Paul who lived in the secret place. Paul had to dwell in the secret place in order to finish his mission in life. Ephesians 1:19-21 shows the power of God available to righteous believers who unpretentiously love God, who dwell in the secret place and who walk by faith by trusting, depending and relying upon Jesus Christ for everything. 

Those who sell out to Christ and are intimate will do great exploits as Noah did, Abraham did, Isaac did, Jacob did, Joseph did, Samuel did, Elijah and Elisha did, David did , Moses and Joshua did as Old Testament Tzadikkim or righteous ones sold out to God. Each had a clear conscience and repented when they sinned. The TaNaK an acronym for Torah - Neviim - Kesuvim or Jewish Bible indicates by the express use of the word "Tzadikkim" both Joseph the son of Jacob and Mordecai were Tzadikkim. In other words the writers were careful to describe both of these men as tzadikkim and righteous. Without careful study understanding that Mordecai was intimate with God and not just a name in the Book of Esther (Megillot Esther)and was the catalist through his faith that brought the victory over Hayman through Esther. Mordecai and Joseph had power with God that changed entire nations such as Egypt and Persia.

Tzadikkim or righteous people get great miracles because there is no doubt that comes from a defiled conscience. Pure faith energy can flow in the love of Christ and in His peace. The blessing from Ha Shem can be released as a tangible force into and upon a life and situation through you to do spiritual work and to increase, make rich, prevent misfortune in a persons life and so on. The blessing of Adam, Noah, Abraham and Yeshua is not a fictitious mist but a tangible, verifiable force, holy energy that performs work and produces glorious results. 

Today in the New Testament all righteousness comes through Jesus Christ to you. Tzadikkim was for the Old Testament but Salvation through genuine conversion in Christ Jesus is for the New Testament. All genuine Christians are righteous ones. He alone is righteous and He is made unto us "wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption." Thank God because we have no righteousness of our own.

The Basics of Psalm 91 should be mentioned to provide a comprehensive study.

In verse 1 the writer says "He" anyone; God makes the invitation for intimacy in the secret place to "everyone." Every human being has the opportunity to enter the secret place through the exclusive door, through the person of Jesus Christ.

We discussed at length the secret place but should point out God is referenced in verse one as Elyon The Most High and as Shadai the Almighty which are two of Gods many attributes. See The Lords Prayer Series for more attributes of God.

In verse 2 the writer is stating his experience by saying "I will say of the Lord" in others words "I will say from experience He has been my refuge and my fortress and as a result I trust Him massively.

In verse 3 the writer discusses the devices of satan. The snare of the fowler is an old English expression for a bird's net set in place but hidden to trap flocks of birds. Some devices are spiritual where satan uses others to trip us with words or covert actions behind the scenes. Other devices are literal communicable deceases that can be spread by physical touching or contaminating an inanimate object known as a fomite that another touches. Some devices of satan are in our imaginations plagued with fear of things that will never happen and some devices are literally sudden death while you sleep, or by accident during the day, morning, noon or night that you didn't see coming. Some devices also include evil spirits attacking your body at night while you sleep or during the day. We must be sensitive to these devices to refuse their power over us.

Other devices that are much more subtle include gossip, slanderous words, false court rulings designed to build an inaccurate document file, available as a false reference and law enforcement transgressions designed to build a false narrative about you that damages your godly image and ability to obtain substantive employment, damaging your life, ministry, career and reputation. These are just some of the devices used by satan, cruel merciless spiritual powers of satan wrought through mankind.

Verse 5 has terms that are taken from old english such as 'terror by night' meaning the dreaded fear of night time that is played out in your mind, 'the arrow that flies by day' meaning always in fear of what bad thing will happen next, 'pestilence that walks in darkness' meaning the snare of a trapper that is set at night to trap animals, 'destruction at noon day' meaning fearing a wipe out even during lunch time, wondering will there be another 9-11 disaster while I am eating lunch today? FAITH must come alive in our hearts knowing beyond a  shadow of a doubt God's promise to protect us and to keep us far from danger is indeed true.

Verses 7,8,9 are important because when calamity hits it is Gods will that you be out of the way when it comes. From a distance you will see disaster and look on it from a distance of safety as we are intimate with Ha Shem. Danger must go around you and cannot come near you even with the aid of mighty angels that excel in strength working and ministering for the Christian. If a pestilence of tornado, earthquake, hurricane, bomb blast comes it is Gods will to pre-schedule you either to be a safe distance away from it when it happens or for it to happen a safe distance around you buffered by angels never to you.

A missionary came to our Church while I was a teenager and described the size of an angel she saw outside the window of her jumbo jet airplane that was sent to grant her traveling safety. She said the angel was the size of the jumbo jet airplane itself. Angels are mighty and excel in strength and they are assigned to work miracles to keep us safe according to Ha Shems orders to them.

Verse 13 holds encouragement for us as the writer says we shall tread upon the lion and the adder. The adder is the most poisonous snake with venom that kills you with no pain by putting you in a coma then death. The gift of the Spirit to discern will activate to protect from situations that seduce and kill without you being able to know the depth, degree and severity of kill it has. The lion is invincible in its natural habitat and represents people and institutions that will wipe you out with no effort but God will empower the Christian and raise up a standard against satan for His glory. There are people who have power and abuse it but God Himself who is in covenant with us is our defense and will give us the victory because we are "the righteous of God" in Christ Jesus.

Verse 15 is wonderful because in the secret place where there is a pure conscience with zero doubting God hears and answers every prayer, and shows out for the believer after a grand deliverance. Ha Shem shows out even further by making crooked places straight for a long, deeply satisfying life holding nothing back that will make you happy.

The key to the final verse is Ha Shem obtains more fulfillment from a long satisfying life for us than we do ourselves because He delights in the prosperity of His Children.

Baruch Ha Shem - Bless His Name

Title: Feed My Sheep: The Effective Christian Leader, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: THE MANY FACES OF JUDAISM: Jewish Studies for The Busy Person, Author: LEMUEL BAKER PhD

Title: EXPLANATION: Christian Apologetics for the Busy Person, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: Misunderstood: Difficult Concepts of the Bible, Author: Lemuel Baker


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Focus for 2019 is - God Does Our Heavy Lifting! Regardless of our diligence to pray, to give, to love, and to express the corresponding works to our faith, we discover we can never pray enough, give enough, work hard enough to reconcile the massive ROI - return on investment into the kingdom of God. The return on our investment infinitely surpasses any effort invested. Why? Because God does the heavy lifting. God has and is doing your heavy lifting! Matthew 11:28-30 and Zechariah 4:6

JEWISH STUDIES 101 - JEWISH HOLIDAYS - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Cheshvan October 9 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Kislev November 9 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Tevet December 9 - CHANUKKAH - DECEMBER 2 - DECEMBER 10, 2018 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Sh'vat - January 7, 2019 - Tu B'shevat - New Year of Trees - January 21- Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Adar 1 - February 5 - Purim Katan - February 19 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Adar 2 - March 7, 2019 - TA'ANIT ESTHER ADAR 13 - March 20, 2019 - PURIM - ADAR 14 - March 21, 2019 - SHUSHAN PURIM - ADAR 15 - MARCH 22, 2019 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Nisan - April 6 - PESACH - NISSAN 14-22 - April 19-27, 2019 - Yom HaShoah - Holocaust Rememberance Day - Nissan 27 - sundown on Sun, May 2, 2019 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Lyar - May 5 - YOM HAZIKARON - Day of Rememberance for Fallen Soldiers-Israel's Memorial Day - 3 LYAR - May 8, 2019 - Yom HaAtzmaut - Israel's Independence - 4 Lyar - May 9, 2019 - LAG B'OMER - 18 Lyyar - May 23, 2019 - YOM YERUSHALAYIM - 28 LYAR - June 2, 2019 Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Sivan - June 4 - SHAVUOT 6,7 SIVAN - June 9-10, 2019 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Tamuz - July 3 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Av - August 2 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon -Elul - September 1 - ROSH HA SHANAH - TISHREI 1 - September 30, 2019 - YOM KIPPUR - TISHREI 10, October 9, 2019 - SUKKOT - TISHREI 14 - 21 - Octoberber 13-20, 2019 - SHEMINI ATZERET - TISHREI 22 - October 21, 2019 - SIMCHAT TORAH - TISHREI 23 - October 22, 2019 - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Cheshvan - Rosh Chodesh - New Moon - Kislev - November 28 - October 29 - CHANUKKAH - 24 Kislev - DECEMBER 22 - DECEMBER 30, 2019

HAPPY NEW YEAR 5779 is a Leap Year M' Uberet-a pregnant year with Adar 1 and Adar 2.


Title: Feed My Sheep: The Effective Christian Leader, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: THE MANY FACES OF JUDAISM: Jewish Studies for The Busy Person, Author: LEMUEL BAKER PhD

Title: EXPLANATION: Christian Apologetics for the Busy Person, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: Misunderstood: Difficult Concepts of the Bible, Author: Lemuel Baker

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