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 John 10:10 " I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly."  


By Lemuel Baker, PhD

In the text below, Jesus Himself is speaking and the topic is life and more importantly life that overflows. Understanding John 10:10 is most important to every Christian because it determines life or death or really living compared to mere physical existence devoid of real life. If we are not careful we could live most if not all of our Christian lives devoid of the functional Zoe life of Christ described by the Apostle James who stated it this way "Although he has looked carefully at himself, he goes away, and has immediately forgotten the sort of man he is."

James 1:24 is a sad situation of the Christian who is positionally converted but experientially as poor in spirit as an unregenerate person.

John 10:10 says "The thief cometh not, but for to steal , and to kill, and to destroy : I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly." John 10:10 Video

Lets look at definitions of the Koine Greek words of John 10:10. Life or Zoë means life that is real and genuine, a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, Life that comes directly from God. Abundantly or Perissos means over and above, more than is necessary, superadded. Thief or Kleptes means embezzler, pilferer, false teacher, those who abuse mens confidence in order to gain financially from them. The context of John chapter 10 is the indictment of the leadership, motives and heart attitudes of the Pharisees who in contrast to Jesus, Moses and King David..Good Shepherds were evil shepherds or evil leaders. 

Many times we make the statement as follows: "life is in the blood," as we attempt to quote Leviticus 17:11. We omit three very important words when we quote this scripture which is extremely essential to our full potential in Christ. This scripture says "The life of the flesh is in the blood." The Old Testament sages already knew about the concepts cyanosis, hypoxia, clinical death and biological death, that human blood is crucial to the life of our human cells and that absence of oxygenated blood to any tissue cell causes the cell to die. Without human blood our bodies are decaying corpse and lifeless. The context of Leviticus 17:11 is there is a nexus between animal blood and the soul or life of an animal so definite that when the blood of an animal is removed the soul of that animal ceases to exist. In humans generally    >40% loss of blood without immediate rapid interventions, focused emergency resuscitation, lack of body compensation results in physical death clinically and then biologically. There is a strong correlation between physical blood and the soul.

In John 10:10 Jesus is talking about life but this time spiritual life. Physical blood cannot produce spiritual life but only physiological life. Jesus is talking about spiritual life described as Zoë life in the original koine greek. It is important to make the differentiation that Zoë life produces life after the Holy Spirit while human blood produces life after the nutrients that include oxygen delivered to our human cells by our erythrocytes. If we state "life is in the blood" we venture off to miss one of Gods most crucial benefits of Christianity and that is His vital spiritual life that changes our existence to vigorous spiritual and physical living.

In John15:5 Jesus stated "I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing." In other words without Gods spiritual Zoë life we merely exist only wearing a label that says Christian but unable to bear any fruit as a Christian because we are devoid of Gods spiritual life.

Genesis 2:7 is critical to understanding Gods spiritual life compared with the life that our human blood supplies to our flesh. Genesis 2:7 says "And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul."

There is a lot being said in this verse that explains what Jesus is saying in John 10:10 as well as help explain the chemistry of Jesus' own blood that was one of a kind, divine, innocent and incorruptible. The Holy Spirit directly fertilizing the ovum of Mary and using the body of a virgin was critical to producing divine, innocent and incorruptible blood that was acceptable to pardon the sin committed by Adam that infected the blood of the entire human race.

When Adam sinned and mankind fell as a result, his blood that was originally divine, innocent and incorruptible changed and took on sin thus no longer innocent, and was then subject to decay thus no longer incorruptible.

According to Howell's Textbook of Physiology, Second Edition, pages 885 and 886, Williams' Practice of Obstetrics, Third Edition, page 133, "Nurse's Handbook of Obstetrics" by Louise Zabriskie, R.N., Fifth Edition, page 75, in natural conception it is only when the male element enters the ovum that blood can develop. There is no blood that passes from the woman to the unborn child or from the child to the mother. All food and waste that are interchanged between mother and child are exchanged through vessels that are not dedicated to blood flow.

Thus in the case of Jesus Christ, He received His body from Mary and as a result was the matrilineal off-spring of David the current requirement within Judaism to determine if a child is Jewish, but received His blood directly from God when He was conceived by the Holy Spirit. When Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit at that time, radically, as an event which happens only once in the life of every child in the womb, Jesus was alive in the womb of Mary and also at that time divine blood was initiated in Jesus' infant body as soon as the Holy Spirit interacted with the ovum in Mary's womb. All human beings receive 23 chromosomes from the mother and 23 chromosomes from the father. Because Jesus received His blood divinely from God by way of the Holy Spirit Jesus uniquely had 24 chromosomes, 23 chromosomes from Mary His mother and 1 chromosome from God The Holy Spirit. Remember Jesus did not have an earthly physical father but was conceived by The Holy Spirit. All human beings have 23 pairs of chromosomes or a total of 46 chromosomes with 22 of these pairs being autosomes that look alike and one pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of the baby. Female babies have 2 "x" chromosomes while male babies have 1"x" and 1 "y" chromosome as a pair. The Holy Spirit gave Jesus the "xy" pair that determined His gender.

The United States Library of Congress provides from it's files historical accounts by Roman Governors and pagan historians contemporary to Jesus who describe what Jesus looked like while Jesus was here on earth. Their descriptions help corroborate the chromosome count and uniqueness of Jesus' blood. These excerpts also help us understand the support Jesus had from various components of God's invisible kingdom available to all Christians today.

Gamaliel, the HaNasi (President) of the Sanhedrin, grandson of Hillel, wrote the following about Jesus' appearance:

"While he is nothing but a man, there is something about him that distinguishes him from every other man. He is the picture of his mother, only he has not her smooth, round face. His hair is a little more golden than hers, though it is as much from sunburn as anything else. He is tall, and his shoulders are a little drooped; his visage is thin and of a swarthy complexion, though this is from exposure. His eyes are large and a soft blue, and rather dull and heavy...."

Publius Lentullus, President of Judea, as was the custom of Roman governors to keep Roman Caesars abreast of what was happening in their territories, wrote to Emperor Tiberius the following:

"A man of stature somewhat tall, and comely, with very reverent countenance, such as the beholders may both love and fear, his hair of (the colour of) the chestnut, full ripe, plain to His ears, whence downwards it is more orient and curling and wavering about His shoulders. In the midst of His head is a seam or partition in His hair, after the manner of the Nazarenes. His forehead plain and very delicate; His face without spot or wrinkle, beautified with a lovely red; His nose and mouth so formed as nothing can be reprehended; His beard thickish, in colour like His hair, not very long, but forked; His look innocent and mature; His eyes grey, clear, and quick. In reproving hypocrisy He is terrible; in admonishing, courteous and fair spoken; pleasant in conversation, mixed with gravity..In proportion of body, most excellent; His hands and arms delicate to behold...A man, for His singular beauty, surpassing the children of men."

Pontius Pilot writing to Caesar wrote the following:

"His golden colored hair and beard gave to his appearance a celestial aspect. He appeared to be about 30 years of age. Never have I seen a sweeter or more serene countenance. What a contrast between Him and His bearers with their black beards and tawny complexions!"

Pontius Pilot further wrote to Jesus requesting an interview and the following was documented by Pilot to Tiberius Caesar as a result of this private meeting with Jesus:

"When the Nazarene made His appearance I was having my morning walk and as I faced Him my feet seemed fastened with an iron hand to the marble pavement and I trembled in every limb as a guilty culprit, though he was calm. For some time I stood admiring this extraordinary Man. There was nothing in Him that was repelling, nor in His character, yet I felt awed in His presence. I told Him that there was a magnetic simplicity about Him and His personality that elevated Him far above the philosophers and teachers of His day. Now, Noble Sovereign, these are the facts concerning Jesus of Nazareth and I have taken the time to write you in detail concerning these matters."

The concept of a virgin conceiving a child or an emaculate conception is not so hard to understand if we go back to Genesis 2:7 and understand that a similar process took place at creation. In Genesis we see the Holy Spirit hovering over the earth and interacting with the clay body God formed from the dust portion mixed with the clay in the Garden of Eden recorded in Genesis 2:7 which reads God formed the body of the man (Ha Adam) from the dust (apar) of the earth (Ha Adamah), breathed into man the breath (neshamah) of life and the man (Ha Adam) became a living soul (L'nephesh.) Similar to the conception event whereby the Holy Spirit over shadowed and interacted with the body of the Virgin Mary causing her to conceive, so did the Holy Spirit cause blood to enter Adam's empty veins, empty arteries and empty capillaries at the creation event when God breathed into mans clay body the breath of life. At this event man became a living soul, a living being, a living personality, a living spirit empowered to perform like God and received divine, innocent and incorruptible blood until man sinned at which time this innocence changed to sinful and this incorruptible state changed to decay.

Conception by the Holy Spirit Summary:

1. At Creation the Holy Spirit initiated blood in the empty blood vessels of Adam upon breathing into Adam the breath of life.

2. At the conception of Jesus Christ in the womb of Mary, the Holy Spirit overshadowed Mary and caused conception including the initiation of divine blood in the baby in the womb.

3. In every conception in the human race blood is initiated in the conceived baby as soon as the male element fertilizes the ovum.

The process originally happened in the Garden of Eden but with Jesus Christ God gave His only begotten Son as the substitutionary sacrifice to redeem mankind back to Himself. Note that in every conception the blood of the child in the mothers womb is given by the male when the ovum is fertilized. This is a fixed rule. If Jesus received his blood through natural conception via Joseph his blood would have had the sin nature precipitated by Adams sin. God had to provide divine, innocent, incorruptible blood and only God could provide such blood after the "fall of mankind." Now, because Jesus' blood was innocent meaning sinless, He could never die thus He made a conscious decision to lay down His life voluntarily and then literally decisively picked up His life again in three days. It is impossible to die when there is no sin present. Remember sin causes death. Also because Jesus' blood was incorruptible, not subject to decay, His blood and flesh did not decay during the three days in the tomb. In Psalm 16:10 David, by the Spirit of God, also prophesied about the body of Jesus on the cross. " For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay."

We often ask what happened to Jesus' blood that was shed during His beating, crucifixion etcetera. Well, His blood could not decay because it was incorruptible and Jesus delivered His blood to the alter in the throne room of heaven in the Holy of Holies that is still there today speaking on our behalf. His blood was special indeed. In a natural sense if a specimen of Jesus' blood were available today although dehydrated and dry, if reconstituted with normal saline and placed under a microscope would be alive and verified as living with its uniqueness. It is logical to say Jesus' blood is incorruptible and cannot decay.

Now that we have discussed the efficacy of human blood and its life giving purpose to human cells, as well as the uniqueness of Jesus' blood we will now get to the point of understanding the Zoë life of God that Jesus speaks about in John 10:10, the same life God breathed into Adam at creation referenced in Genesis 2:7. The First Adam lost Zoe life flowing to every area of life thus he died spiritually and every area of his life began to decay as a result of the absence of God's life. In John 10:10 Jesus the Second Adam came to restore that life given to Adam so that all who accept Him will experience Zoe life as the First Adam did. This Zoe life is so important it determines whether we live a life that is charged with the life of God Himself compared to an existence where we merely go through ritual robotic motions day after day with no experience of heaven flooding our soul. Jesus came that we would have spiritual life that over flows, more than enough, reaching every part of our human spirit, every part of our soul realm, mind, will and emotions, reaching every part of our physical body, reaching every part of our finances, relationships and all that has to do with our temporal life and spiritual life.

Gods Zoe life is intended to influence every aspect of our human life. Zoe life is so important that if it is obstructed by sin to any area of our lives that area immediately starts to die just as any human tissue will die if the blood supply is obstructed from that area. The obstruction of Zoe life by sin is critical to understand because the fatal consequence is inevitable death as cells die that lack oxygenated blood. It was inevitable that Adam die when sin stopped the very Zoe life that brought life to him at creation and caused abundant life to fill every aspect of his life. Jesus returns this life to all of us at salvation. Our job is to protect this Zoe life blessing at all cost. When we receive Zoe life at salvation we immediately begin to experience the fellowship, the elevation of feelings and sensitivity Adam enjoyed at creation. We then at salvation can identify with what Adam enjoyed before the fall because Jesus re-connects us to that experience at salvation. Here is the statement of a life time. "Your born again experience is identical to the experience Adam and Eve had every day, awake or asleep all day long."  If it isn't so then it should be because the born again experience is a restoration of the wonderful life Adam had where the leaves of the trees looked greener, the colors of flowers were rich and vibrant in color, the sky wonderfully blue, the sounds of the birds bring joy, and we enjoy heaven on earth.

The critical test for all Christians is to examine if the ever flowing Zoe life of God has been obstructed from flowing freely to areas of our lives that are struggling or dead and need resurrection. If there is a need for wisdom, self control, spiritual healing, soulical healing, financial healing, marital healing, relational healing, intellectual healing the answer is located in John 10:10 whereby we open ourselves to God in humility and repentance asking Him to remove all obstructions to His abundant flow of Zoe life to each or all of these areas that are dying or not being productive. It is time to get understanding about John 10:10 and to begin living life to the full. Remember all of us perish for a lack of knowledge and in all our getting we must get understanding.

Will you join me as I pray? Let us pray together!

Dear Father in Heaven, Lord Jesus Christ, I humble myself and acknowledge that your Zoe life abundantly that is ever flowing like an ocean is once again flooding the following areas of my life: spirit, soul, body, finances, relationships and intellect. I repent for not having faith in God as you instructed me to. I open myself to you without fear enjoying once again the ocean of your love and Zoe life abundantly to my spirit, soul, body, finances, marriage, relationships, my job, my children and all areas I cannot mention to others. I give them all to you right now, casting every care on you, opening up all of me to your mighty divine Zoe life. As of this moment there is no area of my life that is not being abundantly supplied with your divine energy and with your divine life. As of this moment there is no area of my life that I withhold from you. With all brokenness I give you every area of my life. I now ask you to let your Zoe life flow to every single area of my life. I give you praise in Jesus' name. Amen


Title: Feed My Sheep: The Effective Christian Leader, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: THE MANY FACES OF JUDAISM: Jewish Studies for The Busy Person, Author: LEMUEL BAKER PhD

Title: EXPLANATION: Christian Apologetics for the Busy Person, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: Misunderstood: Difficult Concepts of the Bible, Author: Lemuel Baker




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Title: Feed My Sheep: The Effective Christian Leader, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: THE MANY FACES OF JUDAISM: Jewish Studies for The Busy Person, Author: LEMUEL BAKER PhD

Title: EXPLANATION: Christian Apologetics for the Busy Person, Author: Lemuel BakerTitle: Misunderstood: Difficult Concepts of the Bible, Author: Lemuel Baker






 "Available where books are sold nationwide including electronic books, Kindle and Nook!"

Focus verses for 2023 - Philippians 4:13 " For I can do everything through Christ, who gives me strength."

Corinthians 12:9-11 New International Version

9 But he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore I will boast all the more gladly about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may rest on me. 10 That is why, for Christ’s sake, I delight in weaknesses, in insults, in hardships, in persecutions, in difficulties. For when I am weak, then I am strong.

Habakkuk 3:19. “The Lord is my strength and my shield; my heart trusts in him, and he helps me.

2 Thessalonians 3:3 But the Lord is faithful, and he will strengthen and protect you from the evil one.

Psalm 73:26 - " My flesh and my heart may fail but God is the strength of my heart and my portion forever. "


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